TOPIC: Junaluska Pine
== 1 of 5 ==
Date: Fri, Apr 4 2008 11:17 am
Is there such a thing as the Junaluska Pine? What are its
characteristics? Tall, used for observation, etc?
Pisgah Forest, NC
== 5 of 5 ==
Date: Sat, Apr 5 2008 6:21 pm
From: "Edward Frank"
As you may know: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junaluska
Junaluska was born around 1779, approximately 15 miles south of
Franklin NC near present day Dillard GA A few days after his birth,
he was given his first name when the cradle board holding him fell
over. He was called in the Cherokee language Gu-Ka-Las-Ki, which in
english, translates to "One who falls from a leaning position.
In 1813 when the Cherokee raised up 636 men against the Red Stick
Faction of the Creek Indians in Alabama, Junaluska personally
recruited over 100 men to fight at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The
Cherokee unit was incorporated into the combined Creek-Cherokee-Yuchi-Choctaw
army under the command of Brig. General William McIntosh, a
"Friendly" Creek from Georgia. Junaluska's actions turned
the tide when he swam the Tallapoosa River retrieving Redstick Creek
canoes and ferrying the Cherokee to the rear of the Creeks. He is
also credited with saving Andrew Jackson's life during this battle.
During the infamous Trail of Tears in 1838, Junaluska and many other
Cherokee people were incarcerated and held in nearby stockades. One,
known as Fort Montgomery, was located near present day Robbinsville,
NC. From this stockade, the Junaluska was forced to march to Indian
Territory in present day Eastern Oklahoma. Junaluska was assigned to
Jesse Bushyhead's detachment. About seven weeks into the journey,
Junaluska deserted and led approximately 50 other Cherokee. He was
soon captured and returned to Oklahoma but after only a couple of
years, Junaluska made the trip back to North Carolina on foot.
Junaluska died circa 1855 and was buried in Robbinsville, NC. His
grave was originally marked, in traditional Cherokee style, with a
pile of stones, but in 1910 the General Joseph Winston Chapter of
the Daughters of the American Revolution (Winston Salem) erected a a
monument at his gravesite. A museum and memorial stands in his honor
at this location.
The Eastern Native Tree Society has named a number of trees honoring
particular individuals. One of the trees in Mohawk Trail State
Forest in Mass is named for Junaluska.
Mohawk Trail State Forest
Jani Tree - White pine (Choctaw-Cherokee)
Charles Yow Tree - White pine (Cherokee)
Junaluska Pine - White pine (Cherokee)
Attakulakula Tree - White pine (Cherokee)
I do not have a height for the tree on hand, but it was not among
the 150 foot trees in the 2003 listing. Bob Leverett wold know.
Also the tree is mentioned here: http://www.nativetreesociety.org/native/tree_namings.htm
it is likely that other groups also name trees in honor of various
people, and perhaps there is another Junaluska Pine somewhere named
by another group. Or it could refer to a a pine tree in a place name
Junaluska - perhaps Lake Junaluska, but again I don't know of any
Lake Junaluska is a place in North Carolina. The name could refer to
a tree in a particular place like at Lake Junaluska. I do not know
of any great pines in the area. http://www.tripadvisor.com/AllReviews-g49267-Lake_Junaluska_North_Carolina.html
There is even a salamander named after Junaluska: The Junaluska
salamander (Eurycea junaluska) is an aquatic to semi-aquatic, medium
sized fairly nondescript Eurycid first describe by Sevier in 1976
from collections taken from the Cheoah River, Santeetlah Creek, and
Tulula Creek in Graham County, North Carolina. Further inspection by
Sevier (1976) of museum specimens revealed that King (1939) had
collected the species in Blount and Sevier counties in eastern
Tennessee, but had identified these individuals as hybrids between
Eurycea bislineata and E. cirrigera. The species was later collected
in Monroe Co., Tennessee by Sevier (1983) and in Polk Co., Tennessee
by Gutzke (report to USFWS 2000).
Apparently there is a soil type named Junaluska: http://www2.ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/osd/dat/J/JUNALUSKA.html
The Junaluska series consists of moderately deep, well drained,
moderately permeable soils on ridges and side slopes of the Southern
Appalachian Mountains. They formed in residuum that is affected by
soil creep in the upper part, and is weathered from low grade
metasedimentary rocks, such as phyllite, slate, and low grade,
thinly bedded metasandstone. Slope ranges from 3 to 95 percent. Mean
annual temperature is 56 degrees F., and mean annual precipitation
is about 60 inches near the type location.
There is a waterfall in the Great Smokies: Juney Whank Falls http://www.nps.gov/grsm/planyourvisit/waterfalls.htm
Juney Whank Falls is divided into an upper and lower section. Both
can be viewed from the footbridge which crosses Juney Whank Branch
at the falls. Together they drop 90 feet from top to bottom. The
trail to the waterfall is 0.8 miles roundtrip and is considered
moderate in difficulty. The stream and falls are said to be named
after a Mr. Junaluska "Juney" Whank, who may be buried in
the area. Access Trail: Juney Whank Falls Trail Trailhead: Follow
the signs through downtown Bryson City to Deep Creek Campground.
Continue past the campground to the trailhead at the end of Deep
Creek Road. Backtrack on foot 0.1 mile along the road to the trail
TOPIC: Junaluska Pine
== 1 of 1 ==
Date: Sun, Apr 6 2008 6:04 am
Yes, the Junaluska Pine is a 150-footer now - just makes it.