Junaluska Pine  

TOPIC: Junaluska Pine

== 1 of 5 ==
Date: Fri, Apr 4 2008 11:17 am
From: BaileyForest

Is there such a thing as the Junaluska Pine? What are its
characteristics? Tall, used for observation, etc?

Mark Bailey
Pisgah Forest, NC

== 5 of 5 ==
Date: Sat, Apr 5 2008 6:21 pm
From: "Edward Frank"


As you may know: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junaluska Junaluska was born around 1779, approximately 15 miles south of Franklin NC near present day Dillard GA A few days after his birth, he was given his first name when the cradle board holding him fell over. He was called in the Cherokee language Gu-Ka-Las-Ki, which in english, translates to "One who falls from a leaning position. In 1813 when the Cherokee raised up 636 men against the Red Stick Faction of the Creek Indians in Alabama, Junaluska personally recruited over 100 men to fight at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The Cherokee unit was incorporated into the combined Creek-Cherokee-Yuchi-Choctaw army under the command of Brig. General William McIntosh, a "Friendly" Creek from Georgia. Junaluska's actions turned the tide when he swam the Tallapoosa River retrieving Redstick Creek canoes and ferrying the Cherokee to the rear of the Creeks. He is also credited with saving Andrew Jackson's life during this battle. During the infamous Trail of Tears in 1838, Junaluska and many other Cherokee people were incarcerated and held in nearby stockades. One, known as Fort Montgomery, was located near present day Robbinsville, NC. From this stockade, the Junaluska was forced to march to Indian Territory in present day Eastern Oklahoma. Junaluska was assigned to Jesse Bushyhead's detachment. About seven weeks into the journey, Junaluska deserted and led approximately 50 other Cherokee. He was soon captured and returned to Oklahoma but after only a couple of years, Junaluska made the trip back to North Carolina on foot. Junaluska died circa 1855 and was buried in Robbinsville, NC. His grave was originally marked, in traditional Cherokee style, with a pile of stones, but in 1910 the General Joseph Winston Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Winston Salem) erected a a monument at his gravesite. A museum and memorial stands in his honor at this location.

The Eastern Native Tree Society has named a number of trees honoring particular individuals. One of the trees in Mohawk Trail State Forest in Mass is named for Junaluska.

Mohawk Trail State Forest
Cherokee-Choctaw Grove:
Jani Tree - White pine (Choctaw-Cherokee)
Charles Yow Tree - White pine (Cherokee)
Junaluska Pine - White pine (Cherokee)
Attakulakula Tree - White pine (Cherokee)
I do not have a height for the tree on hand, but it was not among the 150 foot trees in the 2003 listing. Bob Leverett wold know.

Also the tree is mentioned here: http://www.nativetreesociety.org/native/tree_namings.htm

it is likely that other groups also name trees in honor of various people, and perhaps there is another Junaluska Pine somewhere named by another group. Or it could refer to a a pine tree in a place name Junaluska - perhaps Lake Junaluska, but again I don't know of any such pine.

Lake Junaluska is a place in North Carolina. The name could refer to a tree in a particular place like at Lake Junaluska. I do not know of any great pines in the area. http://www.tripadvisor.com/AllReviews-g49267-Lake_Junaluska_North_Carolina.html

There is even a salamander named after Junaluska: The Junaluska salamander (Eurycea junaluska) is an aquatic to semi-aquatic, medium sized fairly nondescript Eurycid first describe by Sevier in 1976 from collections taken from the Cheoah River, Santeetlah Creek, and Tulula Creek in Graham County, North Carolina. Further inspection by Sevier (1976) of museum specimens revealed that King (1939) had collected the species in Blount and Sevier counties in eastern Tennessee, but had identified these individuals as hybrids between Eurycea bislineata and E. cirrigera. The species was later collected in Monroe Co., Tennessee by Sevier (1983) and in Polk Co., Tennessee by Gutzke (report to USFWS 2000).

Apparently there is a soil type named Junaluska: http://www2.ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/osd/dat/J/JUNALUSKA.html
The Junaluska series consists of moderately deep, well drained, moderately permeable soils on ridges and side slopes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. They formed in residuum that is affected by soil creep in the upper part, and is weathered from low grade metasedimentary rocks, such as phyllite, slate, and low grade, thinly bedded metasandstone. Slope ranges from 3 to 95 percent. Mean annual temperature is 56 degrees F., and mean annual precipitation is about 60 inches near the type location.

There is a waterfall in the Great Smokies: Juney Whank Falls http://www.nps.gov/grsm/planyourvisit/waterfalls.htm
Juney Whank Falls is divided into an upper and lower section. Both can be viewed from the footbridge which crosses Juney Whank Branch at the falls. Together they drop 90 feet from top to bottom. The trail to the waterfall is 0.8 miles roundtrip and is considered moderate in difficulty. The stream and falls are said to be named after a Mr. Junaluska "Juney" Whank, who may be buried in the area. Access Trail: Juney Whank Falls Trail Trailhead: Follow the signs through downtown Bryson City to Deep Creek Campground. Continue past the campground to the trailhead at the end of Deep Creek Road. Backtrack on foot 0.1 mile along the road to the trail

TOPIC: Junaluska Pine

== 1 of 1 ==
Date: Sun, Apr 6 2008 6:04 am
From: dbhguru@comcast.net


Yes, the Junaluska Pine is a 150-footer now - just makes it.