Castanea - General Information  


From Wilkapedia: 

"Chestnut (Castanea)(including chinkapin or chinquapin) is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The name also refers to the edible nuts they produce. Most of the species are large trees growing to 20-40 m tall, but some species (the chinkapins) are smaller, often shrubby. The leaves are simple, ovate or lanceolate, 10-30 cm long and 4-10 cm broad, with sharply pointed, widely-spaced teeth, with shallow rounded sinuses between. The flowers are catkins, produced in mid summer; they have a heavy, unpleasant odour. The fruit is a spiny cupule 5-11 cm diameter, containing one to seven nuts.The name Castanea comes from the old Latin name for the Sweet Chestnut.Chestnuts should not be confused with either horse-chestnuts (genus Aesculus), or water-chestnut (family Cyperaceae); these are named for producing respectively nuts of similar appearance, and tubers of similar taste." 


Symbol Scientific Name Common Name
CASTA Castanea Mill. chestnut
CACR27 Castanea crenata Siebold & Zucc. Japanese chestnut
CAJA10 Castanea japonica Blume  
CAPU41 Castanea pubinervis (Hassk.) C.K. Schneid.  
CAST48 Castanea stricta Siebold & Zucc.  
CADE12 Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. American chestnut
CAAM29 Castanea americana (Michx.) Raf.  
CAMO83 Castanea mollissima Blume Chinese chestnut
CABU11 Castanea bungeana Blume  
CAFO9 Castanea formosana (Hayata) Hayata  
CANE7 Castanea ×neglecta Dode (pro sp.) [dentata × pumila]  
CAPU9 Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. chinkapin
CAPUO Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. var. ozarkensis (Ashe) Tucker Ozark chinkapin
CAAL9 Castanea alabamensis Ashe  
CAOZ Castanea ozarkensis Ashe  
CAOZA Castanea ozarkensis Ashe var. arkansana (Ashe) Ashe  
CAPUP3 Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. var. pumila chinkapin
CAAL10 Castanea alnifolia Nutt.  
CAALF Castanea alnifolia Nutt. var. floridana Sarg.  
CAAS4 Castanea ashei (Sudw.) Sudw.  
CAFL25 Castanea floridana (Sarg.) Ashe  
CAPUA Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. var. ashei Sudw.  
CAPUM3 Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. var. margarettiae Ashe  
CASA27 Castanea sativa Mill. European chestnut
CAVE21 Castanea vesca Gaertn.  
CAVU5 Castanea vulgaris Lam.