|Will Blozan - May 30, 2005
serviceberry down here is A. laevis. A arborea is
uncommon and rather small when encountered. I pruned one last
Asheville that is the biggest arborea I have ever seen. The fuzz
leaves choked me out of the tree! It was ~4'cbh X 40' tall. Nice
to work in! Laevis will exceed 100' and 6' cbh. I think I
still have the National
Champion laevis growing on the TN side of the Smokies. 6'6"
Lee Frelich - May 31, 2005
A. laevis (leaves are brownish in color when flowers are in bloom, turn
green later) is common in boreal, near boreal, and hemlock forests around
northern Lake Michigan and Lake Superior, but I think it occurs as far
south as Iowa and in the Appalachian Mountains as far south as GA. It is
definitely a cool-summer species as compared to the more southerly
arborea. Shadbush (A. canadensis) is restricted to the far eastern
Russ Richardson - May 31, 2005
In WV serviceberry is not extremely common but it is often encountered as
a midstratum and understory tree in a mixed woods/dry site and generally
does not get much more that 8" in diameter or more than 60 feet tall.
Scott Wade - May 31, 2005
I have the following different Amelanchier planted here in SE Pa.:
Here is a list from a website. I know that the Bartram one is endangered in Pa.
* Amelanchier alnifolia, Saskatoon Serviceberry, TSN: 25109
* Amelanchier arborea, Downy Serviceberry, TSN: 25110
* Amelanchier bartramiana, Oblongfruit Serviceberry, TSN: 25111
* Amelanchier canadensis, Canadian Serviceberry, TSN: 25112
* Amelanchier humilis, Low Serviceberry, TSN: 182045
* Amelanchier laevis, Allegheny Serviceberry, TSN: 182046
* Amelanchier sanguinea, Roundleaf Serviceberry, TSN: 25119
Jess Riddle - May 31, 2005
A. canadensis does occur in the southeast. The species is
described as a shrub, and I do not believe it occurs in the
mountains. In north Georgia, Downy serviceberry (A.
arborea) is common in
the dry forests on sedimentary bedrock of the Cumberland
Plateau. In the
larger Blue Ridge, A. laevis dominates, and A. arborea may be
absent. In the
South Carolina section of the Blue Ridge, which tends to be
elevation and more south facing than the Georgia section, I have
A. arborea. In both SC, and on the Cumberland Plateau, A.
frequently shrubby and only occasionally reaches 40' tall. A.
north Georgia is consistently a tree and occasionally reaches 4'
60' tall although record individuals for both dimensions are
Lee Frelich - May 31, 2005
Our A. Laevis in the Upper Great Lakes is a small, but tall and
of 40 feet tall and perhaps 5-6 feet in crown width. They are
when in bloom since they are snow white and surrounded by the
white spruce, black spruce, balsam fir and white cedar. They are
now in northern MN and WI.
Darian Copiz June 1, 2005
I have come to the conclusion that Amelanchier is almost as
identify as Crataegus, except that there are much fewer of them.
laevis does seem to have reddish foliage when it's leafing out
arborea has downy foliage when leafing out. But then there are
those which have reddish downy foliage. They do hybridize which
things more difficult. Often when I am looking at them I am not
entirely sure what species they are. In the mid-Atlantic it is
understanding that A. laevis is more common in the mountains. A.
arborea grows in the mountains, piedmont, and the coastal plain.
think we do have A. canadensis, but I'm not sure where it grows
possibly I have seen this, but confused it for a nother species.
lower growing shrubby species can add to the difficulty because
don't know when you are just looking at a stunted tree-form
the nursery trade also there is a lot of confusion and
species. At the National Arobretum I saw a nice specimen that
exactly what I think A. laevis looks like, but it was labeled as
canadensis - a label I was very skeptical of. With some plants
lines between species are a lot more blurred than with others.
know of some definitive attributes for ID'ing these?
June 1, 2005
According to the "Textbook of Dendrology", the genus
about 16 species, and one or more of them is found in every
province of the U.S. and Canada! Of some 10 species native to
the U.S., 7
reach tree size. The "Oblongleaf Juneberry" or A.
canadensis, is found from
se Quebec to se United States and is most commonly found along
the coast so
it probably does not grow in the Smokies. According to the
to Eastern Trees the following species grow in your area: